Home

Welcome to the Halaqa blog. May Allah ﷻ increase us with knowledge, amin.

Join 28 other followers

Visit YouTube Channel


Latest Posts

Latest Posts

The Word “Palestine” in Hebrew and its Usage in Judaic Texts

﷽وصلى الله على سيدنا محمد وعلى آله وصحبه وسلم, ما بعد What is the word for Palestine in Hebrew? Does it show it up in Hebrew texts? Let’s take a brief look. Let’s use the Klein dictionary. It is described as: “A clear and concise work on the origins of the Hebrew words and their … Continue reading The Word “Palestine” in Hebrew and its Usage in Judaic Texts

Hanbali vs ‘Ashari Tafwidh – Selections from Hashiyah al-Muwaffaq ala Lum’ah al-Muwaffaq

﷽وصلى الله على سيدنا محمد وعلى آله وصحبه وسلم, ما بعد Here are some pictures I took from a recently published commentary on Hanbali aqida (book cover as well, if interested). These pages, 10-12, show the Hanbali position on tafwidh and where they (supposedly) disagree with the Ash’aris. This is easily refuted though because they … Continue reading Hanbali vs ‘Ashari Tafwidh – Selections from Hashiyah al-Muwaffaq ala Lum’ah al-Muwaffaq

Hanafi Position on Wiping over Socks and Footgear

﷽وصلى الله على سيدنا محمد وعلى آله وصحبه وسلم, ما بعد In Nur al-Idah we can find the conditions for wiping over socks in Hanafi fiqh: With regards to the question of wiping over footgear like boots and shoes, this has been answered in the following fatawa: https://islamqa.org/hanafi/qibla-hanafi/42625 and https://islamqa.org/hanafi/qibla-hanafi/36346 To read the entire chapter … Continue reading Hanafi Position on Wiping over Socks and Footgear

Pray Behind the Virtuous and Sinful

﷽ وصلى الله على سيدنا محمد وعلى آله وصحبه وسلم There is an important point in Aqida al-Tahawiyah: وَنَرَى الصَّلَاةَ خَلْفَ كُلِّ بَرٍّ وَفَاجِرٍ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْقِبْلَةِ وَعَلَى مَنْ مَاتَ مِنْهُمْ  “We consider congregational prayer behind any of the people of qiblah, both the virtuous and the sinful, to be valid. We also pray over … Continue reading Pray Behind the Virtuous and Sinful

Imam Safarini al-Hanbali on Who Are the Ahlul Sunnah Wal Jama’at

Imam al-Safarini (1114-1188 AH) stated: أَهْلُ السُّنَّةِ وَالْجَمَاعَةِ ثَلَاثُ فِرَقٍ الْأَثَرِيَّةُ وَإِمَامُهُمْ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ حَنْبَلٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ وَالْأَشْعَرِيَّةُ وَإِمَامُهُمْ أَبُو الْحَسَنِ الْأَشْعَرِيُّ رَحِمَهُ اللَّهُ وَالْمَاتُرِيدِيَّةُ وَإِمَامُهُمْ أَبُو مَنْصُورٍ الْمَاتُرِيدِيُّ. Translation: “Ahl al-sunnah wa’l-jama‘ah is three groups: Atharis, whose leader is Ahmad b. Hanbal, may Allah be pleased with him; Ash‘aris, whose leader is Abu’l-Hasan … Continue reading Imam Safarini al-Hanbali on Who Are the Ahlul Sunnah Wal Jama’at

Wahhabi Takfir of the Ottoman Empire

In Durar 9/291-292 (الدرر السنية في الأجوبة النجدية – ج 9: الجهاد 2 – حكم المرتد) we find the Wahhabis making takfir (excommunication) of the Ottoman Empire, anybody who “worships graves and righteous people” (according to their definition of that), and also anybody who does not agree with them in this takfir. Translation: As for … Continue reading Wahhabi Takfir of the Ottoman Empire

The Ru’ya Twice a Day

﷽ The beautific vision of Allah ﷻ is the greatest reward. Here I will compile the hadith I have found on being given the ru’ya twice a day in Paradise, inshaAllah. Mujahid said, “The lowliest of Heaven’s people shall travel a thousand years in his kingdom, beholding its farthest parts just as he beholds its … Continue reading The Ru’ya Twice a Day

Tafsir Jalalayn – Example of a Sahih Chain and Problematic Matn

Sometimes a hadith can have a sahih chain, but still be rejected. In Tafsir Jalalayn verse 7:190 we find a peculiar narration: Translation: But when He gave them a righteous child they ascribed to Him associates (shurakā’a a variant reading has shirkan meaning sharīkan ‘an associate’) in that which He had given them (by naming … Continue reading Tafsir Jalalayn – Example of a Sahih Chain and Problematic Matn

Historical Geography and Timeline of Early Fiqh and Hadith

﷽ Note: insha’Allah, I intend to update this article over time with more details You’ll notice a few things from looking at this map. There’s a complex interplay of time and location between these scholars, which had a significant influence on how they approached their deen. Let’s take a look. Different Eras Imam Abu Hanifa … Continue reading Historical Geography and Timeline of Early Fiqh and Hadith

None More Knowledgeable Than the Scholar of Madina

Abu Musa al-Ash’ari narrated that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said: “People will go out from East and West in search of knowledge, and they shall find no one more knowledgeable than the knowledgeable scholar of Madinah.” {Related by Imam al-Hakim} Abu Hurayrah who narrated that the Prophet ﷺ said: “Very soon will people beat the flanks of camels in … Continue reading None More Knowledgeable Than the Scholar of Madina

Judaism and the Afterlife

Insha’Allah this will be a continual WIP I’ve found some interesting things in Judaic sources on the afterlife. Mishneh Repentance 8 In the Mishneh Torah, Repentance 8 we find references to Hell and a description of the soul. We also find education on how ephemeral this life is and that the true goal is the … Continue reading Judaism and the Afterlife

Three Types of Knowledge

There’s 3 types of knowledge: Tajreebi – Experimental. Trial and error. Empirical. ‘Aqli – Intellectual – Like math and logic. Transmitted – Knowledge, history, religious, etc. Prophets (alayhum as-Salaam) give us transmitted religious knowledge (Qur’an and hadith) through chains.

The God That Failed – Ex-Communists Writings – A Summary

The book “The God That Failed” is a series of six essays written by ex-Communists from Europe and America. Below are summaries of the book which are a good start in refuting Communism as an ideology, which is diametrically opposed to the Shari’a and violates many of its maqasid: the protection of property and religion.

Albani’s criticism of Muhammad Ibn Abdul-Wahab

الألباني: محمد بن عبدالوهاب فيه غلو وشده Albani considered Muhammad Ibn Abdul-Wahab a reformer and praised his Da’wah, but he also criticized him for their excessive Takfir. Albani says about Muhammad Ibn Abdul-Wahab: – He had exaggeration and harshness– His followers inherited that from his teachings– He could not differentiate between authentic [صحيح] and weak [ضعيف] Ahadith– … Continue reading Albani’s criticism of Muhammad Ibn Abdul-Wahab

War Profiteering of Terror

We all know America’s military-industrial complex is replete with war profiteering. But few are aware of the details in the War on Terror.

Playground Politics and Leaders We Deserve

Something I find quite disturbing in America (and other countries) is the childishness of politics. People are actually excited that America is in trouble right now, just so they can take their jabs at Trump. Everything is so polarized between hard-Left and hard-Right, it’s just a competition between demagogues rather than any actual concerted effort … Continue reading Playground Politics and Leaders We Deserve

2 Common Misconceptions Christians Have About Christianity

When engaging in dialogue with Christians, a good portion of your time may be simply spent on dispelling myths, misconceptions, and straw man arguments about not only Islam, but also about Christianity itself. Most laypeople in the world are generally uninformed about religion in general, including their own. I will say that non-Protestants (IE Catholics, … Continue reading 2 Common Misconceptions Christians Have About Christianity

Ilm al-Muamalah and Ilm al-Mukashafah

When studying Ghazali and similar authors, it’s important to understand the division of two types of the knowledge: Ilm al-Muamalah (علم المعاملة): The outward knowledge that can be taught and learned. It is the knowledge of transactions between us and Allah ﷻ, us and our hearts (ex: sincerity), us and other people (ex: being brotherly … Continue reading Ilm al-Muamalah and Ilm al-Mukashafah

Refinement of Hearts

Imam Zaid Shakir said that his Sheikh, Mustafa Turkmani, used to frequently say: رجل واحد صاحب الحال يؤثر على ألف رجل وألف رجل بلا حال لا يؤثرون على واحد A single person who has a refined spiritual state can affect a thousand, but a thousand people who lack any refinement in their state cannot affect … Continue reading Refinement of Hearts

On Socratic Ignorance, Double Ignorance, and the Dunning-Kruger Effect

A lot of people nowadays think that what they know is the extent of what can be known. Ustadh Ubaydullah Evans Socrates was known for many things. He rejected the gods of the Greek pantheon and was a monotheist. He held contempt for Athenian democracy and supported the idea of a technocracy. And he was … Continue reading On Socratic Ignorance, Double Ignorance, and the Dunning-Kruger Effect

Hadith: We Returned from the Lesser Jihad to the Greater Jihad

There’s a famous hadith in Bayhaqi that says:  الحديث الذي ورد عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم أنه قال لأصحابه  لما رجعوا من الغزو : ( رجعنا من الجهاد الأصغر ، إلى الجهاد الأكبر ) ، قالوا : وهل هناك جهاد أعظم من جهاد الكفار ؟ قال : ( نعم . جهاد النفس ) . It was narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon … Continue reading Hadith: We Returned from the Lesser Jihad to the Greater Jihad

Why Are Trump Supporters Obsessed with the Left?

You can hardly get a word in before a rebuttal is being repeated to you, defending Trump’s latest actions. Yet you actually said nothing about Trump, let alone criticized him. You try to start an intellectual, casual conversation about politics, since this gentleman you are talking with seems interested in politics, and yet the only … Continue reading Why Are Trump Supporters Obsessed with the Left?

Meanings of Kalla

The particle kalla كلاَّ, like most particles (ahruf) in Arabic, has multiple meanings and usages. Here insha’Allah I’ll translate 4 of them from alMaany‘s online dictionary. Particle that provides dissuasion, rebuke/reprimand, and and disapproval. It is permitted to stop on it or begin after it.{كَلاَّ سَنَكْتُبُ مَا يَقُولُ} “Nay! We will record what he says…” … Continue reading Meanings of Kalla

Early Christian Theologies

This will be a continual work-in-progress over the years of compiling a list of early Christian theologies, focusing mainly on those with Muslim-sounding themes or major turning points in history. No single early theology lines up 100% with what Muslims believe the prophet Jesus ﷺ truly preached. But by looking at different theologies, we can … Continue reading Early Christian Theologies

Tafsir of Surat al-Ikhlas

﷽ Surat al-Ikhlas is one of the most well-known chapters of the Qur’an which describes Allah ﷻ. It answers the question, “who is God?” Surah Title The title of the chapter is سورة الإخلاص, the chapter of “ikhlas.” It is often translated as “sincerity,” but let’s take a deeper look. It is a form 4 … Continue reading Tafsir of Surat al-Ikhlas

Imam Al-Tufi Al-Hanbali – Ijma on Adopting a Madhhab

Imam Al-Tufi Al-Hanbali [d.716 AH]- may Allah have mercy on him – said in: “Sharh Mukhtasar Al-Rawda” (3/686): “Giving preference [tarjeeh] to a school of thought [madh-hab] – in its entirety over another madh-hab – has occurred by consensus [ijmaa’]…

Aqida of Ibn Kathir

What was the aqida of ibn Kathir? Was it the same as ibn Taymiyyah? Ibn Kathir was of the Shafi’i madhhab and a hadith master (who memorized over 100,000 ahadith). Whatever length of time Ibn Kathir studied with Ibn Taymiya, he was in his twenties when the latter died, and his long and fruitful career … Continue reading Aqida of Ibn Kathir

Tahqiq fi Kalimat al-Quran al-Karim

This Shi’a Arabic dictionary is quite an interesting resource when delving further into the Arabic language. Sunnis also refer to his dictionary for deeper elaboration on words. Hasan al-Muṣṭafawī looks into the original word and its application to various resources used in his interpretation of the meaning. http://alfeker.mediafire.com/?7ahbatndj7pkvtb http://alfeker.mediafire.com/?guso84p5yz8ny6l http://alfeker.mediafire.com/?uab8oamxs8oby1h http://alfeker.mediafire.com/?xivcibxyx12xx5c http://alfeker.mediafire.com/?frzex8kbzk4rzfq http://alfeker.mediafire.com/?lzd7pdz2q95nbpx http://alfeker.mediafire.com/?6241ag8ky692of4 http://alfeker.mediafire.com/?15qhbq6x2o668xiContinue reading Tahqiq fi Kalimat al-Quran al-Karim

Shahada, Deeds, and Paradise

On the Day of Judgement, nothing will weigh heavier than the testimony of faith: ash-hadu an la ilaha illa Allah wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadan rasulullah. Even 99 scrolls of bad deeds will be outweighed by it. Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr bin Al-‘As: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “Indeed Allah will distinguish a man from … Continue reading Shahada, Deeds, and Paradise

Lunar Names of Days

In ibn Kathir’s tafsir of verse verse 39 of surat Yasin, we find a listing of lunar names of days in a month according to the stages of the moon phase. وَالْقَمَرَ قَدَّرْنَاهُ مَنَازِلَ حَتَّىٰ عَادَ كَالْعُرْجُونِ الْقَدِيمِ – 36:39 As for the moon, We have ordained ˹precise˺ phases for it, until it ends up … Continue reading Lunar Names of Days

Qur’an on Reincarnation

In chapter 23 of the Qur’an, surat al-Mu’minun, a people after Noah ﷺ are mentioned who denied the resurrection and according to ibn Kathir believed in reincarnation. Ibn Kathir states in commenting on Surat Yasin verse 36:31: Do they not see how many of the generations We have destroyed before them? Verily, they will not … Continue reading Qur’an on Reincarnation

The Wali in Surat Yasin

In surat Yasin we find the story of three messengers rejected by their nation, and a man from the far side of the city comes running, telling his nation to follow the messengers. His nation then kills him and God destroys them. We find in tafsir ibn Kathir that this man is mentioned as “His … Continue reading The Wali in Surat Yasin

Neo-Pagan Manhood Movement

There’s a strange movement among white Western men of this “alpha male.” High testosterone, high energy, strength training, US military culture, and libido are emphasized, with references to both Jesus and Valhalla (despite being completely contradictory) thrown in for good measure. Statues of masculine men from ancient Rome and Greece are practically worshiped and idolized … Continue reading Neo-Pagan Manhood Movement

Remembrance of God is Greater

Allah ﷻ says in the Qur’an: اتْلُ مَا أُوحِيَ إِلَيْكَ مِنَ الْكِتَابِ وَأَقِمِ الصَّلَاةَ ۖ إِنَّ الصَّلَاةَ تَنْهَىٰ عَنِ الْفَحْشَاءِ وَالْمُنكَرِ ۗ وَلَذِكْرُ اللَّهِ أَكْبَرُ ۗ وَاللَّهُ يَعْلَمُ مَا تَصْنَعُونَ – 29:45 [Prophet], recite what has been revealed to you of the Scripture; keep up the prayer: prayer restrains outrageous and unacceptable behaviour. Remembering God … Continue reading Remembrance of God is Greater

Imam Suyuti’s 15 Qualifications to be a Mufassir

Imam Suyuti mentioned in his compendium on the sciences of the Qur’an, al-Itqan fi Ulum al-Qur’an, that there are 15 disciplines that a person must master in order to be qualified to interpret the Qur’an. They are: Knowledge of Arabic language and its vocabulary Knowledge of Arabic grammar (nahu) Knowledge of Arabic morphology (sarf) Knowledge … Continue reading Imam Suyuti’s 15 Qualifications to be a Mufassir

The Kingdom’s Failed Marriage

Below is an article on the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and Wahhabism. The author argues that Saudi Arabia’s use of Wahhabism for state control is no longer useful and actually harmful to the ruling class and rest of the world.

The Disconnected Letters – Tafsir

The following is a very brief summary of what several tafasir say (from Furqan.co) about the disconnected letters ( حُرُوف مُقَطَّعَات‎ ) in the Qur’an. الحروف المقطعات:1) الم = أحد أسماء الله2) أحد أسماء القرآن3) ليجعل المشكين يستمعون4) لافتتاح السورة5) بيانا لعجزنا عن معارضته6) قسم من أقسام الله7) كل حرف رمز إلى كلمة. الم: أنا الله أعلم. … Continue reading The Disconnected Letters – Tafsir

Jews Between Revelation

When you study the history of Judaism in the period of the gap between the last two prophets Isa ﷺ and Muhammad ﷺ, you find quite a bit of peculiarities. The Three Jewish–Roman Wars The Jews had just denied the prophet Isa ﷺ and tried to have him killed in 30 CE. Then they started … Continue reading Jews Between Revelation

Obscenity in Art and Media

These answers are from a Q&A session from a panel of scholars whom I will keep anonymous. Scholar 1: In film, the amount of images out there desensitize us, even Muslims, to sex and violence. Sometimes I see in my news feed people talking about the latest Game of Thrones episode and they’re enamored with … Continue reading Obscenity in Art and Media

Terrorism Was Never Mainstream Sunni Islam

Summary: “Sunni” Muslim terrorism is rooted in non-traditional Islam, such as the Salafi and Modernist movements. Traditional, orthodox Sunni Muslims have always rejected this behavior and rejected terrorism, from the advent of Islam to today. American Imperialism is a major root of resentment and it fuels terrorism. Terrorism hurts everyone, both Muslims and non-Muslims, though … Continue reading Terrorism Was Never Mainstream Sunni Islam

Imam Fakhr ad-Din ar-Razi on Tasawwuf

The great ‘allama and famous Qur’anic exegete, Imam Fakhr ad-Din ar-Razi (تعالى رحمه الله), said in his book, “Itiqadat Firaq al-Muslimin wal-Mushrikin” (The Belief of the Muslim and Pagan Groups): “The eighth section regarding the states (أحوال) of the Sufis: Know, that most of those who enumerated the groups within the umma, did not mention … Continue reading Imam Fakhr ad-Din ar-Razi on Tasawwuf

Imam Malik on Tasawwuf

Imam Malik (رحمه الله تعالى) said: “He who gains knowledge in jurisprudence (fiqh) without tasawwuf then he will certainly become corrupt (fisq), and he who practices tasawwuf without gaining knowledge in jurisprudence will become a heretic (tazandaqa), and he who gathers between the two has proven true (tahaqqaq).” Source: Hashiya of al-Adawi upon imam al-Zurqani’s … Continue reading Imam Malik on Tasawwuf

Imam An-Nawawi on Tasawwuf

Imam an-Nawawi (رحمه الله تعالى) said in his work, “al-Maqaasid (المقاصد): The usul (fundamentals) of the tariqa (path) of tasawwuf are five: Taqwa (fear) of Allah privately and publicly Adherence to the sunnah in speech and action Indifference to whether the creation accepts or rejects (you) Being content with Allah in scarcity and abundance Turning … Continue reading Imam An-Nawawi on Tasawwuf

Ibn Taymiyyah on Tasawwuf

“Ibn Taymiyyah said in volume 10 of his majmu’ page 516-17, speaking of the adherence of the sufiyya to the kitab and sunnah:‘As for those who are upright (mustaqimun) from the salikeen (spiritual wayfarers), such as the majority of the mashayikh as-salaf, such as al-Fudayl ibn Iyad, Ibrahim bin Adham, Abu Sulayman ad-Darani, Maruf al-Karkhi, … Continue reading Ibn Taymiyyah on Tasawwuf

Khalid ibn al-Walid: Seeking Blessings Through the Prophet’s ﷺ Hair

It is narrated in al-Bayhaqi’s “Dala’il Nubuwwa” and al-Hakim in the Mustadrak, and others with chains of narration: That Khalid ibn al-Walid lost his skullcap (qalansuwah قلنسوة) on the day of Yarmouk. He said, “find it!” Then they did not find it, then they searched/asked and found it. Khalid said: The messenger of Allah ﷺ … Continue reading Khalid ibn al-Walid: Seeking Blessings Through the Prophet’s ﷺ Hair